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Kamis, 17 April 2014

Comparison of Retail Business Development in Indonesia with Singapore


Nama : Ponidah
Kelas : 4EA14
NPM : 15210348

Comparison of Retail Business Development in Indonesia with Singapore

FOOD RETAIL BUSINESS (GROCERY) VERY PROMISING
Hypermarkets experiencing unprecedented growth  In 2010 the hypermarket industry in Indonesia has grown very rapidly. Indonesian Retailers Association (APRINDO) estimates, the total modern retail spending this year will reach Rp 100 trillion. A total of Rp 65 trillion is spending the rest of food and non-food. Of the amount of the food shopping, hypermarkets accounted for 35 percent, 35 percent and a mini supermarket 30 percent. Food is a basic human needs, inevitably requires us to shop for food and drink each day. This is the reason why the mini market and the rapid growth of hypermarkets Kompas.Com).
The growth of food retail outlets in hypermarkets average 30% per year and 7% per year supermarket and convenience store / mini market about 15%. In 2003, sales of modern food retail sector is controlled by 60% of supermarkets, hypermarkets 20% and the remaining 20% ​​by the convenience store / mini market.
Food Retail Development Potential (Grosery) in areas  Product demand daily needs (consumer goods) is still a major demand. Food products (groceries) accounts for approximately 67% of the composition of sales of goods of retail trade. As for non-food products, clothing and footwear sales accounted for 30% of goods of retail trade, followed by the sale of electronic goods by 12%, and sales of health and beauty products by 11%. The potential development of modern retail market in Indonesia is still relatively large population to total population. The number of modern retail stores per one million population of Indonesia is currently around 52, lower than that of neighboring countries such as Malaysia 156 stores, 124 stores Thailand, Singapore 281 stores, and 74 stores China. The number of modern retail stores in Indonesia occupies only a very small portion (0.7%) compared to the number of traditional shops per one million population of Indonesia reached 7,937 stores.
Format minimarket experienced the highest growth, both in terms of the number of outlet stores and retail trade share of product sales of fast moving consumer goods (FMCG). Number minimarket in Indonesia in 2008 reached 10,607 stores with an average growth of 17.3% per year, the highest compared to other modern retail formats, followed by hypermarkets with an average growth of 16.9% per year. Meanwhile, the share of retail trade mini for FMCG product sales increased significantly compared to other formats, ie from 5% in 2003 to 16% in 2008.  
PT Matahari Putra Prima Tbk (MPP) has taken strategic initiatives to assess and analyze the overall business activity, related to the company's plans to develop core competencies in its hypermarket business. As the pioneer of compact hypermarkets in Indonesia with its proven business model, will continue to focus on the food retail business, through the expansion phase Hypermart to all regions in Indonesia. In addition, the streamlined all other non-core businesses / non-hypermarket business, to ensure that all resources are optimized MPP 100%, to encourage business growth Hypermart. Indonesia is a big country and has a growth potential of the most attractive markets globally among other developing countries. The country with the fourth largest population in the world with a rising middle class segment, which is supported by the economy strong consumer base, increasing purchasing power and generate strong annual economic growth. Until now, strong consumer-based economy has encouraged the growth of the country's GDP and is predicted to continue to grow at an average 5.6% per year until 2014, while GDP per capita is expected to grow by 11.3% until 2014 and going beyond the limit of U.S. $ 3,000 in 2012.
Growth areas in Indonesia also took place rapidly lately, both from the economic sector, tourism and education. Wherein each of the developing regions with the potential of each. Population growth and increased tourism ekspartriat, causing an increase in the amount of imports. Major retailers such as Carrefour Indonesia, Matahari Putra Prima Tbk, and Hero Supermarket managed to increase sales of the brand, through the sale of private label products, exciting promotional offers, and expansion into areas and markets are not yet saturated.
Government Role in the Management of Traditional and Modern Retail Market
The existence of a modern market that includes mini markets, supermarkets, hypermarkets to be unavoidable. To be competitive, traditional markets should be strengthened so that consumers do not switch. Head of Industry and Trade of the Province of Central Java Ihwan Sudrajat argued that in Semarang City, Wednesday (24/6). According to him, the modern market has its own market segment as traditional markets, so that the choice rests on the consumer.
We can not restrict the modern market, since its founding was based on market demand. The thing to do is to protect SMEs and traditional markets. It is the duty of the government. Rules for the existence of a modern market in the Presidential Decree No. 112 of 2008 on Management and Development of Traditional Markets, Shopping, and Modern Stores. Stipulated in Article 5, concerning the location of the modern market of all sizes, from the largest hypermarkets to the smallest mini. In the rule mentioned, hypermarkets are only allowed to be located on the main access roads, supermarkets are not allowed in a residential neighborhood, and mini ramps allowed to be in the neighborhoods in the city.
Meanwhile, the strengthening of the traditional market, the market is done with the Setup program. The trade sector received funding amounting to Rp 335 billion stimulus used for revitalization and renovation of traditional markets of Rp 215 billion and Rp 120 billion warehousing. According to data obtained headline of one of the board members, as many as 123 districts / cities in 11 provinces scheduled to receive stimulus allocation of Rp 215 billion market.
The Government has received at least 600 proposals from 300 regions across Indonesia for traditional market revitalization program. All proposals submitted to the Ministry of Finance will discuss its implementation.
Secretary of the Directorate General of Domestic Trade Gunaryo in Business Competition Supervisory Office said there were about USD 235 billion market revitalization funds channeled through the Special Allocation Fund (DAK) and assistance funds from the local government. Of proposals submitted to the Department of Commerce, the type of revitalization manifold. "There are a total rehabilitation, the bulge area, or renovation," he said. The fund for the revitalization of traditional markets, according to Gunaryo from Rp 3 billion, depending on the area and the magnitude of the case. "It is being discussed in the Ministry of Finance," said Gunaryo.
Proposals rehabilitation of the market, he said, must go through the approval of the Department of Public Works building standards in related areas. Gunaryo added to the traditional market revitalization program starting next year, the Government is committed to increase the budget of local market development. Stimulus funds revitalization of traditional markets this year disbursed through the Department of Commerce through the Special Allocation Fund.
Traditional market weakness that must be addressed:
1. Lack of good market management causes the lid several traditional markets.
2. Less comfortably shop at traditional markets, especially the issue of cleanliness.
3. Lack of capital for traditional retailers to develop their businesses.
4. Prices are more expensive than the prices for certain products in the modern market.
Modern retail business management strategy that is creative and innovative
The retail businesses, both modern and traditional, should further enhance the promotion.
According to data from Nielsen Research Institute Indonesia, during the first half of 2010, consumer spending has not been too prioritizing money to buy food, drinks, and a variety of daily needs. Middle-class consumers, actually prefer shopping vehicle or electronics.
National retail sales growth during January to May reached 9 percent compared with the same period in 2009. Figure is far behind other sectors. Growth in car sales topped the highest rate of 73.5 percent. Similarly motorcycles by 35.2 percent. Home electronics sales also increased 32.35 percent, while computers rose 30 percent.
He is currently a shift in consumer attention in monthly spending budget. Especially the upper middle class, still prefer shopping big ticket items (cars, motorcycles, electronics). Indirectly, indicates our society is getting established. As the development of technology, people's lifestyles also change. Before any technology, when there is spare time consumers can go to a shop or shopping. Once there is a phone with all its sophistication, have little free time directly online. Recreation in cyberspace feels more mengasikan, rather than going to traditional markets or supermarkets and hypermarkets though. In 2009, total retail consumer spending for 56 categories of products reached Rp 99, 653 trillion (notincluding eggs, chili, rice, and some groceries). Meanwhile, on January to May 2010, the total money that has been accruing Rp 44.685 trillion. Nielsen conducts research on public spending trends by way of face to face interviews in Greater Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, Makassar, and Medan. Respondents were men and women aged 15-65 years. A total of 1,781 interviewees have more spending power than Rp 1.250 million per month. (Gen/c6/kim)  Retailers repacking should be more creative place to sell, then promote it more interesting. Based on the results of a survey conducted by Nielsen, 19.8 percent of consumers revealed that nonfood factors (comfort, packaging, promotion, etc) is a reason for them to come to a spot of shopping.  HR management has a significant role in a retail business. Coordinate and motivate employees in achieving the target. Until eventually forming a work commitment, which could unite among employees, resulting in a competitive advantage. Aspects of site selection in the retail business was also very influential. The selection of retail locations that allow businesses to grow, evaluate the strength of any trade area selected. While the financial system, a method of reflection does retail strategy concerning resource management (capital, equipment, human resources, and etc.) in order to achieve optimal performance.  Similarly, the food retail business is very promising. Judging from the rapid growth annually. Plus, the market share of Indonesia itself has been very promising, the state with the fourth largest population in the world with an increasing segment of the middle class, the economy is supported by a strong consumer base. But nevertheless, the success or failure of a business depends heavily on management strategies and management. Everything is back to the business people themselves.


Indonesia Still Disadvantaged Retail Company with Singapore

Jakarta-Indonesia has a range of retail and corporate franchise or franchising. Unfortunately the growth and development of retail and franchise in Indonesia is still struggling in the domestic market.

U.S. Country Manager of Indonesia Louken Anthony said Danny paradigm patterns and franchise retail business in Indonesia must change not only excel at the local level, but can speak at a global level.
"Indonesia has the potential for tremendous retail growth. Therefore the business is expected to not only excel in the local market but excel in the global marketplace," he said during a discussion with the theme Retail Trends 2013 in the WTC Building Jakarta, Monday (25/03/2013).

We have argued Indonesia has a flagship retail products ranging from food, clothing, education and other leading products are selling well in the domestic market. Unfortunately very few local brands that succeed when taken abroad. Therefore, it will bring the brand and retail business to go international in the near future.  "What did the U.S. Louken is committed to supporting retailers in Indonesia," he said.  
Meanwhile in the same place, the CEO of the U.S. Louken Singapore Luke Kim explained that retail from Indonesia regarded inferior to Singapore retail developments in the global arena. For example, the current retail product from Singapore BreadTalk is worldwide through its products.
"Compare this to Singapore, the country of origin of various retail success and exist in the global market. Call it BreadTalk to Charles & Keith. Though it was originally a retail small and medium enterprises in Singapore but they successfully send orders via brand and products to consumers in foreign countries, "he said.

Sabtu, 15 Maret 2014

passive voice and cv in english



NAMA    : PONIDAH
NPM       : 15210348
KELAS    : 4EA14

PASSIVE VOICE
Tugas 1
Passive and Active Voices
Verbs are also said to be either active (The executive committee approved the new policy) or passive (The new policy was approved by the executive committee) in voice. In the active voice, the subject and verb relationship is straightforward: the subject is a be-er or a do-er and the verb moves the sentence along. In the passive voice, the subject of the sentence is neither a do-er or a be-er, but is acted upon by some other agent or by something unnamed (The new policy was approved). Computerized grammar checkers can pick out a passive voice construction from miles away and ask you to revise it to a more active construction. There is nothing inherently wrong with the passive voice, but if you can say the same thing in the active mode, do so (see exceptions below). Your text will have more pizzazz as a result, since passive verb constructions tend to lie about in their pajamas and avoid actual work.
We find an overabundance of the passive voice in sentences created by self-protective business interests, magniloquent educators, and bombastic military writers (who must get weary of this accusation), who deviluse the passive voice to avoid responsibility for actions taken. Thus "Cigarette ads were designed to appeal especially to children" places the burden on the ads — as opposed to "We designed the cigarette ads to appeal especially to children," in which "we" accepts responsibility. At a White House press briefing we might hear that "The President was advised that certain members of Congress were being audited" rather than "The Head of the Internal Revenue service advised the President that her agency was auditing certain members of Congress" because the passive construction avoids responsibility for advising and for auditing. One further caution about the passive voice: we should not mix active and passive constructions in the same sentence: "The executive committee approved the new policy, and the calendar for next year's meetings was revised" should be recast as "The executive committee approved the new policy and revised the calendar for next year's meeting."
Take the quiz (below) as an exercise in recognizing and changing passive verbs.
The passive voice does exist for a reason, however, and its presence is not always to be despised. The passive is particularly useful (even recommended) in two situations:
  • When it is more important to draw our attention to the person or thing acted upon: The unidentified victim was apparently struck during the early morning hours.
  • When the actor in the situation is not important: The aurora borealis can be observed in the early morning hours.
The passive voice is especially helpful (and even regarded as mandatory) in scientific or technical writing or lab reports, where the actor is not really important but the process or principle being described is of ultimate importance. Instead of writing "I poured 20 cc of acid into the beaker," we would write "Twenty cc of acid is/was poured into the beaker." The passive voice is also useful when describing, say, a mechanical process in which the details of process are much more important than anyone's taking responsibility for the action: "The first coat of primer paint is applied immediately after the acid rinse."
We use the passive voice to good effect in a paragraph in which we wish to shift emphasis from what was the object in a first sentence to what becomes the subject in subsequent sentences.
The executive committee approved an entirely new policy for dealing with academic suspension and withdrawal. The policy had been written by a subcommittee on student behavior. If students withdraw from course work before suspension can take effect, the policy states, a mark of "IW" . . . .
The paragraph is clearly about this new policy so it is appropriate that policy move from being the object in the first sentence to being the subject of the second sentence. The passive voice allows for this transition.†
Passive Verb Formation
The passive forms of a verb are created by combining a form of the "to be verb" with the past participle of the main verb. Other helping verbs are also sometimes present: "The measure could have been killed in committee." The passive can be used, also, in various tenses. Let's take a look at the passive forms of "design."
Tense
Subject
Auxiliary
Past
Participle
Singular
Plural
Present
The car/cars
is
are
designed.
Present perfect
The car/cars
has been
have been
designed.
Past
The car/cars
was
were
designed.
Past perfect
The car/cars
had been
had been
designed.
Future
The car/cars
will be
will be
designed.
Future perfect
The car/cars
will have been
will have been
designed.
Present progressive
The car/cars
is being
are being
designed.
Past progressive
The car/cars
was being
were being
designed.





A sentence cast in the passive voice will not always include an agent of the action. For instance if a gorilla crushes a tin can, we could say "The tin can was crushed by the gorilla." But a perfectly good sentence would leave out the gorilla: "The tin can was crushed." Also, when an active sentence with an indirect object is recast in the passive, the indirect object can take on the role of subject in the passive sentence:

Active
Professor Villa gave Jorge an A.
Passive
An A was given to Jorge by Professor Villa.
Passive
Jorge was given an A.


Only transitive verbs (those that take objects) can be transformed into passive constructions. Furthermore, active sentences containing certain verbs cannot be transformed into passive structures. To have is the most important of these verbs. We can say "He has a new car," but we cannot say "A new car is had by him." We can say "Josefina lacked finesse," but we cannot say "Finesse was lacked." Here is a brief list of such verbs*:
resemble
look like
equal
agree with
mean
contain
hold
comprise
lack
suit
fit
become
Verbals in Passive Structures

Verbals or verb forms can also take on features of the passive voice. An infinitive phrase in the passive voice, for instance, can perform various functions within a sentence (just like the active forms of the infinitive).
  • Subject: To be elected by my peers is a great honor.
  • Object: That child really likes to be read to by her mother.
  • Modifier: Grasso was the first woman to be elected governor in her own right.
The same is true of passive gerunds.
  • Subject: Being elected by my peers was a great thrill.
  • Object: I really don't like being lectured to by my boss.
  • Object of preposition: I am so tired of being lectured to by my boss.
With passive participles, part of the passive construction is often omitted, the result being a simple modifying participial phrase.
  • [Having been] designed for off-road performance, the Pathseeker does not always behave well on paved highways.
Referensi        : http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/passive.htm
                        Bahasa inggris 2 oleh Icwan Suyudi dan Sri Widiyanti
                        Business comunicattion oleh cynthia beresford


Tugas 2

CONTOH CV BAHASA INGGRIS 1


PERSONAL INFORMATION

Name
Address
Phone
Cellphone
Email
Brith Date
Nationality
Gender
Marital Status
Spouse Name
Number of Dependents
: PONIDAH 
: Karawaci Office Park, Tangerang 15811
: (021) 555 xxxxx
: 081111xxxxx
: ida_df@yahoo.co.id
: 26 /09/1992
: Indonesian
: Female
: Married
: Abuya Chandra, M.Sc
: 1
 
PERSONAL PROFILE 

A qualified English teacher who is able to effectively communicate with students from different backgrounds or varying degrees of ability. A dedicated professional with a proven ability to teach, motivate students to maximum performance by encouraging a positive and energetic environment. Fully familiar with the English National Curriculum and experience of applying technology in the classroom to make the most of the learning experience. Presently looking for a English teaching position with a progressive school. 

CAREER HISTORY 

August 2001 – Present





August 2000 - Present
An English Teacher
SMAN Englishindo Jakarta
Cempaka Putih 33, Jakarta, (Postal Code)

And

An English Teacher
SMPN Englishindo Jakarta
Cempaka Putih 34, Jakarta (Postal Code)

Duties :

1.    Teaching English
2.    Managing classroom
3. Planning, preparing, and delivering lessons to a varied range of classes and age groups
4.  Preparing and setting tests, examination papers, exercises, individual and group assignment.
5.    Marking all oral and written works of the students
6.  Writing and producing new material appropriate with the classroom, including audio and visual resources
7.    Organizing and Getting involved in a speech contest
8.   Overcoming basic administration such as keeping the students’ attendance records for starters and leavers
9.  Giving a secret of answering the tests of National Final Examination


ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS


  • THE STATE UNIVERSITY OF ENGLISHINDO : English Education Degree 1998 - 2002
  • SMAN 1 JAKARTA : 1995 - 1998
  • SMPN 1 JAKARTA : 1992 - 1995
  • SDN 1 JAKARTA : 1986 - 1992
PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
 
  • Able to use computer-assisted educational resources. Certified for Computer-assisted Language Learning.
  • Researching new topic areas and maintaining up-to-date subject knowledge. Certified for Research on Educational National Curriculum. 
AWARDS

The Best English Teacher in Jakarta - Governor Awards 2011

Contoh 2
I. Personal Details

Name : Rohman
Address : Jln. RE Abdullah, Bogor, West Java 16128
Phone Number : 0251-000 0000 / 081 000 000 000
Place & Date of Birth : Bogor, June 20 1985
Sex : Male
Marital Status : Single
Religion : Islam
Nationality : Indonesia


II. Education Details


1. 1992 – 1999 Nusantara, Elementary School, Bogor
2. 1999 – 2002 Junior High School / SMP 07 Bogor
3. 2002 – 2005 Senior High School / SMA 01 Bogor
4. 2005 – 2008 Accounting Degree University of Indonesia

GPA = 3.85 (scale 4)
PREDICATE = Very Satisfactory


III. Job Experiences

August – September 
2008 On the job training at PT. Super Jaya
(Persero) Bogor
January, 2010 English Course at Bogor English Course
Education Centre
On May 2012 TOEFL Test at University Of Indonesia


IV. Computer Skills

Web Design, Programming, Internet Marketing, Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Power Point, making software, Corel Draw, Adobe Photoshop

V. PERSONALITY

Good attitude, kind, communicative, diligent, tolerant, target oriented, discipline, honest, and be responsible
Bogor, .............


Rohman
Referensi  :  
1. http://rohmatullahh.blogspot.com/2013/08/contoh-cv-dalam-bahasa-inggris- yang-baik.html
  http://www.englishindo.com/2014/01/contoh-cv-curriculum-vitae-daftar-      riwayat-  hidup-terbaru.html
2. Important vocabuary  for Students, Published 2003. Englishindo Press. 
3. Kamus Baha Inggris Mungil, Published 2003. Englishindo Press.